Technology and the Making of Europe

TIE Project

Transnational Infrastructures and the Rise of Contemporary Europe (TIE) 

Project leader: Johan Schot

The TIE project was a historical research project that seeks to explore how Europe was materialized and shaped by transnational infrastructures in the 20th century. In December 2002 this program was awarded to Johan Schot by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) under the Innovational Research Incentive Scheme (VICI). The TIE project was based at Eindhoven University of Technology. Among others the project resulted in several PhD theses, scientific articles and a synthetic book. The project was completed in 2011.

The TIE-project suggests that important fragments of an emerging European society and identity are embedded in transnational material infrastructures - the wires, pipes, cables, highways, railroads, and information networks that span political borders and connect national infrastructures. Until now the available literature on the 'project of Europe' has neglected the role and influence of these transnational infrastructures in the shaping of the boundaries and internal structure of Europe. The building and use of transnational infrastructures created material and institutional links between European nation-states. Also the resulting circulation of goods, information, services, and people brought about many sort of ties among European nation-states. All this took place long before there was an explicit project of creating Europe. The TIE-project focuses on the construction and use of transnational infrastructures, and in doing so adopts a new starting point for viewing the historical development and present dynamics of Europe. This makes visible to what extent a 'hidden integration' is taking place.

For more information visit the website of the TIE-project.